GOOGLE DOODLE FOR DECEMBER 21 2013
Solstice occurs twice a year, once in summer and once in winter – The Summer Solstice, and Winter Solstice. It is the day when the sun is at its greatest distance from the celestial equator. The “The Winter Solstice” is the shortest day and longest night of the year in the Northern Hemisphere. This is because the Northern Hemisphere is tilted away from the sun, whereas the southern Hemisphere is tilted towards the sun. The sun is said to shine directly above the Tropic of Capricorn. It usually falls either on December 21st or 22nd of every year.
During the “Summer Solstice” the day becomes the longest and the night shortest. It falls either on June 21st or 22nd of every year. During this day the Northern Hemisphere is tilted towards the sun and the Southern Hemisphere is tilted away from the sun. on this day the sun is said to shine directly on the Tropic of Cancer. All this occurs because the earth is tilted to 23.5 degrees on its axis.
This day is celebrated throughout the world to commemorate the beginning of Winter Solstice. Google on its share of celebration has created as doodle of a pair of hands weaving a long woolen hand glove that loops to form the GOOGLE letters. This was used earlier this year on June 21st to commemorate the beginning of winter in the Southern Hemisphere. But on June 22nd, 2011 Google had created a floral doodle especially for its India home page which was created by Takashi Murakami, a Japanese artist.