HUMAN BODY - SOME INTERESTING FACTS
LONGEST BONES IN THE BODY:
These are average dimensions of the bones of an adult male measured from their extremities (ribs are curved, and the pelvis measurement is taken diagonally). The same bones in the female skeleton are usually 6-13% smaller, with the exception of the STERNUM, which is virtually identical.
- FEMUR : THIGHBONE - UPPER LEG - 19.88 in.
- TIBIA : SHINBONE - INNER LOWER LEG - 16.94 in.
- FIBULA : OUTER LOWER LEG - 15.94 in.
- HUMERUS : UPPER ARM - 14.35 in.
- ULNA : INNER LOWER ARM - 11.10 in.
- RADIUS : OUTER LOWER ARM - 10.40 in.
- 7th RIB : 9.45 in.
- 8th RIB : 9.06 in.
- IN-NOMINATE BONE : HIPBONE HALF PELVIS - 7.28 in.
- STERNUM : BREASTBONE - 6.69 in.
LARGEST HUMAN ORGANS :
This list is based on average immediate post-mortem weight, recorded during a 10 year period. According to some definitions, the skin may be considered an organ, and at 16 % of a body's total weight, it heads the top 10.
- SKIN - 384.0 OZ
- LIVER - 55.0 OZ
- BRAIN - MALE - 49.7 OZ; FEMALE - 44.6 OZ
- LUNGS - RIGHT - 20.5 OZ; LEFT - 18 OZ; TOTAL - 38.5 OZ
- HEART - MALE - 11.1 OZ; FEMALE - 9.3 OZ
- KIDNEY - RIGHT - 4.9 OZ; LEFT - 5.3 OZ; TOTAL - 10.2 OZ
- SPLEEN - 6.0 OZ
- PANCREAS - 3.5 OZ
- THYROID - 1.2 OZ
- PROSTATE - 0.7 OZ
MOST COMMON ELEMENTS IN THE HUMAN BODY:
The top 10 elements account for more than 99% of the total, the balance comprising minute quantities of metallic elements including iron - enough (0.17 oz) to make a 6 in nail as well as zinc, tin and aluminium.